Richmond is a small town of less than 4,000, situated on the banks of the upper Illovo River in the midlands of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. It now includes the former town of Ndaleni on the opposite side of the river, forming part of the Umgungundlovu District Municipality. Today there is a trade in timber, sugarcane, poultry, citrus fruit and dairy goods in Richmond.
A Brief History
Richmond was originally named Beaulieu-on-Illovo, established in 1850 by settlers from Beaulieu, the seat of the Duke of Buccleuch in Richmond, North Yorkshire. With the arrival of the settlers, Africans who had fled the Zulu armies returned as refugees to the region. Over time, the town was renamed Richmond for ease of pronounciation.
In February 1906 the Trewirgie Incident took place at Richmond, in which two British officers were killed for attempting to collect overdue Poll Tax from the district. As a result, martial law was imposed, which ignited the Zulu-led Bambatha Rebellion against the British, in which over 3,000 died.
Joseph Baynes was a pioneer of the dairy industry who spent significant time working in the former British colony of Natal. His Baynesfield Estate in the midlands of Kwazulu-Natal was bequeathed in his will to the nation of South Africa.
Last updated 25/01/15
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