Richmond, Northern Cape, Karoo
Richmond is a farming town situated in the Bo-Karoo next to the N1 approximately halfway between Cape Town and Gauteng.
A Brief History
Established in 1843, Richmond was built around a developing community of farmers around a river which no longer exists. The pattern of the streets of Richmond show the place in which the river used to run. The original inhabitants intended to name the town after Sir Peregrine Maitland, Governor of the Cape, but at his request it was named instead for Maitland's father-in-law, the Duke of Richmond in October 1845.
In the 19th century, Richmond became a retreat for rich Europeans suffering from lung infections, which it was believed the mineral rich natural water and clean air would help.
A newly established Book Festival is held each October.
A local monthly newsletter is published and can be accessed via the richmondnc.co.za web page under the heading Richmondnuus.
Dr Albert Hoffa, the founder of modern orthopaedics, was born in Richmond on 31st March 1859, who studied medicine in Germany, eventually becoming Professor at the University of Würzburg. Some of the techniques which he developed are still in use today.
Professor Chris Barnard, who pioneered Heart Transplant Surgery, owned a farm at Richmond called Ratelfontein to which he would retreat at times.
Josephine Dale Lace, the flamboyant Johannesburg socialite and mistress of King Edward VII, was born in Richmond, originally named Josephine Cornelia Brink.
Last updated 25/01/15